Modern conventional means of destruction: classification, general characteristics, damaging factors

Anonim

What is modern conventional means of destruction? This weapon has become traditional. Mankind has learned to use the energy of explosives, various incendiary mixtures, a vast assortment of ammunition, mines, and much more, unrelated to nuclear weapons, which is rightly considered the last deterrence argument. But scientific thought in questions of the extermination of all life does not stand still. Today it has become possible to create weapons on a more advanced, qualitatively new level of efficiency and principles. Classification of modern conventional means of destruction occurs according to their intended purpose and damaging effect. What are the principles of the use of weapons and shells during the fighting?

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Table

Common means of injury

Precision weapons

By purpose

By types

Reconnaissance Shock Systems

Shredded

Missiles

High explosive

Warheads of missiles and torpedoes

Cumulative

Cartridges for small arms

Guided bombs

Concrete

Grenades

Incendiary

Aviation and depth charges

Volumetric explosion

Engineering and sea mines

Disruptive charges

Ammunition

According to the principles, the characteristics of the impact on objects emit fragmentation, cumulative, concrete, incendiary, ammunition, volume explosion. Such a variety of damaging factors of weapons involves a wide range of applications: the living force of the enemy, equipment, strategic objects.

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Shredded

The main feature is the presence of a huge number of ready-made or semi-ready slaughter elements intended for the destruction of enemy soldiers. Fragments can scatter a radius of up to three hundred meters. Of these, cluster ball bombs and high-explosive ammunition are of the greatest interest. In a ball bomb, pieces of metal and plastic of various diameters serve as a striking element. The usual method of delivery - the aircraft, dropping a batch of data bombs in cassettes, different in their number. May cover an area of ​​over two hundred thousand square meters. m

A separate kind are high-explosive ammunition, the blast wave and the fragments of which destroy large ground objects.

Cumulative

Modern conventional means of destruction include ammunition capable of destroying armored targets with the help of a directed jet of high-temperature gases. The detonation products are focused by burning holes in the metal, which has properties of armor of different thickness, therefore their use is also advisable for the purpose of causing fires. As protection, screens are used from different materials located at some distance from the main structure. The energy of the jet, occupied by burning such a screen, practically does not damage the object having such protection.

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Concrete

When creating a modern conventional means of destruction pay much attention to the issue of effective destruction of the entire military infrastructure of the enemy. The sphere of interests of this type of weapons are airfields, communication centers, bunkers and other objects. The main work is carried out by kinetic energy and a high-explosive charge, acting in 2 stages. Initially, the main task is to break through the obstacles. The second stage is an explosion inside (sometimes with a slowdown).

Incendiary

This is a whole range of products using incendiary substances. It is not by chance that Americans consider him a weapon with a huge effect of psychological influence. This type of weapon is subdivided into incendiary mixtures, metallized incendiary mixtures and thermite compositions.

Incendiary mixture. The famous fire mixture, better known as napalm. The composition is based on gasoline with the addition of thickener powder. It has two convenient properties when applied: it burns perfectly, adheres perfectly to any surface. It burns even in water. The temperature he creates is about 1200 degrees.

Pyrogel Petroleum product, which add powdered magnesium, heavy oils, liquid asphalt.

White phosphorus. Used as a napalm igniter.

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Vacuum bomb

This terrible weapon also applies to modern conventional weapons. It is considered the most dangerous invention of mankind after a nuclear weapon, but its impact on the environment is minimized. With all the destructiveness for all living things, it leaves buildings and equipment practically intact, which makes it very promising to be used in conflicts.

Principle of operation. A container is dropped from the aircraft using a parachute, in which a detonator is launched at a certain height, destroying the shell of the bomb. Immediately, the aerosol cloud is sprayed over the surroundings, which increases dramatically. Mixing with the air and, as if tied to it, it penetrates the most inaccessible places (starting from the open air vents, ending with bunkers). Even in the mountains, in the caves from him not to hide. All this time the cloud grows in size. When the desired concentration of the substance in the air is reached, a second detonator is launched. After that, in the resulting mixture of air and the ejected substance, all the oxygen is destroyed, which leads to the formation of a vacuum. No earthly creature can survive in such conditions.

It's all about low pressure in this artificially created lack of oxygen. Human vessels are not able to withstand such overloads. Another important advantage is the supersonic shock wave and the incredibly high temperature. In the aggregate, all these factors leave virtually no chance for enemy manpower.

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Precision weapons

A prime example is cruise missiles, or, as they were originally called, a shell plane. The first developments were conducted since the time of the first conflicts of the beginning of the twentieth century. Refers to high-precision weapons as an independent type of offensive strategic weapons. Able to maneuver in various terrain conditions at low altitudes. This makes it difficult to detect. One of the main drawbacks is its price and weak charge power. With the current trends of scientific and technological progress, the value of cruise nuclear-free missiles will increase. For a dynamic optimal development of this direction, the Global Space Navigation System is necessary. At the moment, it has the United States and Russia. The European Union has also come close to completing the development of this program.

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Conclusion

The general characteristic of modern conventional weapons is that, for all their fantastic destructive power, they do not have such a devastating effect on the environment as nuclear weapons. Rethinking the basic doctrine of modern warfare has led to an understanding of the need to reduce as far as possible the damage associated with it. The same is with questions on the impact on the enemy's manpower. A fine example is PFM-1 mine. She does not kill, just cripples. But the psychological effect that such weapons possess is difficult to overestimate.

The further development of modern conventional weapons will continue. In the near future, the likelihood of widespread use of laser, plasma, microwave weapons, and even methods of parapsychological influence loomed. Even today, the first steps of introducing various robots are visible. Therefore, the 21st century is increasingly called the "era of contactless wars." But according to military experts, wars are unlikely to be less disastrous.

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