Scientific research vessel of the Baltic fleet "Admiral Vladimirsky": history, description, photo

Anonim

In order to carry out oceanographic research by the shipbuilding industry by the Navy of the USSR, project 852 was launched. In total, six ships were built under the project. Among them a special place was taken by the research vessel of the Baltic fleet "Admiral Vladimirsky". Information about the purpose, device and characteristics of this ship is presented in the article.

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Acquaintance

The research vessel "Admiral Vladimirsky" is the third ship of project 852. In 1973, the ship was laid. The building number 852/3 was assigned to him. The place of laying was the Szczecin Shipyard (North-Western part of the Republic of Poland) named after Adolf Varsky. In April 1974, the creation of the ship "Admiral Vladimirsky" was completed. They decided to name the vessel in honor of the commander of the Black Sea Fleet LA Vladimirsky.

About destination

The ship "Admiral Vladimirsky" (photo of the vessel is presented in the article) was used for expeditions by Soviet scientists involved in marine biological research. In addition, the scope of use of the vessel were research in the field of chemical hydrology, marine meteorology, upper-air and actinometric observations of the sea waves and currents.

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Description

The ship "Admiral Vladimirsky" is able to stay offline for 90 days and overcome distances from 18 thousand to 25 thousand miles. Armament for the ship is not provided. On board, space is allocated for two hydrographic survey boats, one crane, designed for 7 tons, and two - weighing 250 kg. The research ship Admiral Vladimirsky is equipped with nineteen specialized laboratories, a platform and a hangar for one Ka-25 helicopter.

Specifications

  • "Admiral Vladimirsky" refers to the type of research vessels.
  • It is registered in the port city of Kronstadt.
  • IMO: # 6126797.
  • The length of the ship is 147.8 m.
  • Width: 18.6 m.
  • Parameter draft: 6.4 m.
  • The power plant capacity of 16 thousand hp represented by two diesel engines.
  • Full speed is 19 knots.
  • Autonomous navigation mode does not exceed 90 days.
  • "Admiral Vladimirsky" is designed to overcome the sea route with a length of up to 25 thousand miles.
  • The crew of the ship: 170 people.

Service in the Soviet Navy

From 1982 to 1983 "Admiral Vladimirsky" together with the oceanographic research vessel "Faddey Bellingshausen" took part in the round-the-world expedition. For ships, the route was established, which in 1819-1821 as part of the Russian Antarctic expedition followed the boats "Vostok" and "Mirny". Scientists were faced with the task of exploring the little-studied areas of the oceans adjacent to Antarctica and making corrections to the maps they had been compiled. The expedition participants studied the seabed topography, temperature and salinity of the water, currents, soils and meteorological elements. Soviet scientists discovered seamounts and hills. In addition, they were able to determine the exact location of the 13 islands. Within 147 days, while the journey lasted, the ships traveled 33 thousand miles. Of these, the path of 13 thousand miles was completely covered with ice and icebergs. In April 1983, the Antarctic Expedition was completed.

From 1975 to 2001, the research vessel participated in 15 voyages. The ship carried out research work in the following areas:

  • In the Indian Ocean (southern, western and northwestern parts).
  • In the southern sector of the Pacific.
  • In the Red, Mediterranean, Arabian and Black Seas.

From 1975 to 1990 the ship was listed in the Black Sea Fleet. Place for the base of the vessel at that time was the city of Sevastopol. During 1990-1994, repairs were carried out on a ship in Poland. Upon completion, the vessel was transferred from the Black Sea Fleet to the Baltic. Place for the base of the ship was Kronstadt.

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About improvement

In August 2014, the ship was reconstructed at the Kanonersky plant in St. Petersburg, during which Admiral Vladimirsky was equipped with new life support systems. Ship equipped:

  • New multibeam echo sounder. With it, carried out surveying the bottom relief.
  • Hydrometeorological station that automatically measures hydrometeoparameters.
  • New receivers. Their task is to capture signals from satellite and coastal radio navigation systems.
  • Electronic cartographic navigation information system.

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Expedition 2014

In August, upon completion of repair work, the Admiral Vladimirsky set off for his first voyage around the world to conduct meteorological, hydrographic, hydrological and cartographic research.

The expedition began on August 18th. The vessel left the city of Kronstadt. The route of the Admiral Vladimirsky was the Baltic, Northern and Barents Seas. The vessel also crossed the Northern Sea Route, the Bering Sea and the Northern Pacific Sector. After crossing the Panama Canal, the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel, the Admiral Vladimirsky entered the North Sea. Moving in its southern sector, through the Danish Channel, the ship reached the waters of the Baltic Sea. Following a given route, the Admiral Vladimirsky called at Russian ports in Murmansk, Pevek, and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. In addition, the ship visited the seaports of other states: in Canadian Vancouver, Cuban Havana, French Brest and Corinto in Nicaragua. The ship traveled 24, 670 miles on this route.

According to the results of the expedition

Scientists observed sea and ocean waves and currents. As part of oceanographic research, scientists have succeeded in:

  • Examine the bottom relief.
  • In the conditions of high latitudes, test new radio navigation receivers.
  • Examine the ice conditions.
  • With the help of navigation equipment, the coastline of the islands in the Arctic Ocean was established. Using satellite photography, Russian scientists proved that Krivoshein Bay is a strait. Specialists became owners of unique hydrographic and hydrological data on previously unexplored areas. Scientists managed to fix the collapse and the advancement of glaciers five kilometers to the land.

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Our days

In April 2017, the "Admiral Vladimirsky" went into the next long voyage. In the route of the ship were listed the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. The first call of the ship took place in the Kingdom of Monaco, in which the International Hydrographic Conference was held. In May, a meeting of the ship with the training sailboat “Nadezhda”, which kept its way towards the Indian Ocean, took place in the Red Sea. Since areas in the Gulf of Aden are considered potentially dangerous due to attacks on pirates' ships, the Admiral Vladimirsky was used as an escort for a sailboat. In August, the ship sailed from the Atlantic Ocean and crossed the English Channel. On August 25, the vessel returned to Kronstadt (Leningrad Region), to the place of its permanent deployment.

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