- What is an abbreviation?
- Initial decryption
- New name
- Brief description of ITAR-TASS
- Return to the past
- From the history of Tass
- TASS - decoding abbreviations today
Consider whether the question is trivial: "How to decipher the abbreviation TASS?"
What is an abbreviation?
This term is derived from the Italian abbreviatura and the Latin brevis - short. In ancient books and manuscripts, abbreviations of words or their groups were so called. Today, an abbreviation is any abbreviation of words or their combinations. Many of them are clear and familiar to us, because they are actively used in the press and in accessible literature. No one has any doubts about the interpretation of the abbreviation of the university (higher education institution) or the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union). There are abbreviations that are rare and only in special literature. Such abbreviations, together with their decoding, are usually collected in one chapter of the publication (List of Abbreviations) or explain their meaning when first used in the text of an article or book, for example, "efficiency".
However, there are quite common abbreviations that can be correctly decoded only when you know the history of their occurrence and development. This abbreviation is TASS.
The abbreviation TASS occurred in 1925, when the Telegraph Agency of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (TASS) was established on the basis of the Russian Telegraph Agency (ROSTA), the official information center of the Union Republic of the RSFSR. He was transferred to the exclusive right to disseminate information about events outside the Soviet Union.
The agency included information agencies of the Union Republics that were part of the USSR: RATAU (Ukraine), KazTAG (Kazakhstan), BelTA (Belarus), UzTAG (Uzbekistan), Gruzinform (Georgia), ATEM (Moldova), Azerinform (Azerbaijan), ElTA (Lithuania ), Latinform (Latvia), KirTAG (Kyrgyzstan), TajikTA (Tajikistan), Armenpress (Armenia), TurkmenInform (Turkmenistan), ETA (Estonia), and also KarelfintAG (in the period 1940-1956). However, they were engaged in the dissemination of information only within their territorial units.
From 1945 to 1991, there was no doubt that the citizens of our country would answer the question: “How does TASS mean?” It was as simple as two and two - four. To many citizens of both the Soviet Union and beyond, the sonorous and memorable word TASS, the acronym for which was clear and understandable to all - the telegraph agency of the Soviet Union, was firmly bumped into the memory. Indeed, so often the phrase sounded on radio and television: “TASS is authorized to declare …”
This agency was one of the largest information centers in the world. It consisted of 682 correspondent points inside the country and more than 90 offices abroad, and more than two thousand photo correspondents and TASS journalists all over the world.
In January 1992, in connection with the withdrawal from the world political arena of the Soviet Union, the Information Telegraph Agency of Russia (ITAR-TASS) was formed on the basis of the TASS news agency. This abbreviation included the former abbreviation. The Soviet Union no longer existed. How now should understand the word TASS? Decryption now meant "the sovereign countries' telegraph agency." The previous abbreviation was left in the new name because this popular brand was recognizable and authoritative throughout the world, and was also directly associated with Russia. It does not matter whether it was part of the Soviet Union or not.
In addition, the media center with the new name was in fact the legal successor of the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union, which was enshrined in the decree of President Boris Yeltsin B.N. of December 22, 1993 No. 2257.
But today not everyone, even in Russia, will correctly answer the question: “What is ITAR-TASS? Abbreviation decoding looks like? "
Brief description of ITAR-TASS
Until recently, it was the largest Russian news agency, a member of the elite of world media centers, on a par with Reuters, the Associated Press and Agence France-Presse. His services covered events in real time. The news flow from the agency came in Russian, English, Spanish, German, French and Arabic. The political, economic, social, cultural and sports aspects of life in Russia and the world were covered in about 200 of its periodic information products.
Since 1995, the ITAR-TASS news agency has been publishing the Unified News and 34 more operational tapes, reflecting comprehensive news in Russia and the world, in which up to 650 messages are transmitted daily. The total amount of information transmitted is equivalent to 300 newspaper pages per day.
The agency has the largest in Russia historical photo fund (over a million photos and negatives), which is regularly updated with thousands of digital photos. It has a unique information and reference fund, an electronic databank, specialized databases of economic and other areas of knowledge containing millions of documents.
The ITAR-TASS information network includes 42 regional centers and correspondent points in Russia. More than 500 correspondents work in only 75 foreign representative offices of the agency.
Bringing information to this media center is carried out to several thousand collective subscribers in Russia and abroad, including more than a thousand media outlets, many institutions, libraries, scientific and educational organizations.
Return to the past
In March 2014, at the meeting of the organizing committee for the preparation for the 110th anniversary of the agency, it was announced that its return to the old name, TASS, was being chanted. Decoding, of course, must change, because the Soviet Union, as a state, no longer exists. This initiative received unanimous support. It was noted that the decision will be made after approval of the name change by the founder of the agency - the government of the Russian Federation.
From the history of Tass
"But why the 110th anniversary?" - you ask. After all, the word TASS originated in 1925. In fact, the beginning of its history, the agency leads to the emergence in 1904 of the St. Petersburg Telegraph Agency (SPTA), renamed the Petrograd Telegraph Agency (PTA) in 1914 and existed until 1918. It was on its basis that the GROWTH, already mentioned in this article, was created.
TASS - decoding abbreviations today
In 2013, RIA “Novosti” was liquidated (on its basis, the Russia Today Agency was formed, broadcasting abroad). ITAR-TASS has become the only state news agency in Russia. In September 2014, the transition of ITAR-TASS to the former brand - TASS began. Decoding of the modern abbreviation in full form now looks like the Russian news agency TASS / Russian news agency TASS. The transition must be completed by the end of 2015.
Already used updated agency logos in the design of informational tapes, publications, website, etc.
Reading this article will help you answer the questions: “How does TASS mean?” And “Is this question now trivial?”