Biography of Boris Polevoy, an outstanding journalist and prose writer

Anonim

"The Russian man has always been a mystery to a foreigner, " - a line from the story about the legendary pilot Alexei Maresyev, which was written by Russian journalist and prose writer Boris Polevy in just 19 days. It was in those terrible days when he attended the Nuremberg trials. This is a story about a mysterious Russian soul, about the desire to live and survive in the most difficult conditions, without losing the strength of the spirit. On the ability to make friends and not to betray, forgive with all my heart and resist the blows of fate. It is a pain for millions of broken destinies, for their country, which was dragged into a bloody massacre, but survived and won. Like any book about the war, this story did not leave indifferent contemporaries, based on her film was made and opera was staged. The story of the heroic man is one of the few that received the high award of the postwar period - the Stalin Prize. But most importantly, the history of the pilot, left without legs, his vitality and fortitude became an example to follow for several generations.

Dream of becoming a journalist

Boris Kampov was born in Moscow in 1908. His parents since childhood instilled in his son a love of reading. Kampov’s houses had a luxurious library where the best works of Russian and foreign classics were collected. Mom taught Boris good taste by reading the works of Gogol, Pushkin, Lermontov. Before the revolution, the family moved to Tver, where the boy enters school number 24. After receiving a seven-year education at school and after studying at a technical school, he decides to become a technologist at the Proletarka factory.

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But still in school, little Boris was interested in journalism. After all, he grew up in a noisy and crowded factory yard, and he always wanted to tell about the people around him, their characters and actions. I wanted to write about the emotions and feelings that overwhelmed the young man.

Nickname from the editor

The biography of Boris Polevoy as a journalist began with a short note in the regional newspaper Tverskaya Pravda. And for several years he wrote essays, articles, actively working as a correspondent. Aliyev Polevoy appeared on the advice of the editor of this newspaper. The word campus is Latin for "field."

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Journalism has become the meaning of his life, he with pleasure and creative greed described the life of ordinary people, praised the workers, ridiculed the lack of money and lazy people. His talent did not go unnoticed, and after the book “Memoirs of the Lousy Man” was published, Maxim Gorky took it under his patronage. This was the first significant event in the biography of Boris Polevoy. In 1928 he became a professional journalist and devotes his whole life to his work. And in 1931, the magazine "October" publishes the story "Hot shop", which brings him literary fame.

War and the newspaper "Pravda"

The next milestone in the difficult biography of Boris Polevoy is war. In 1941, he moved to live in Moscow and began work as a war correspondent in the newspaper Pravda. He writes essays, notes, stories about the fighting, about moving our troops to the West. Many articles about ordinary people, about their courage and immense love of life. It was Boris Polevoy who proudly wrote about Matvey Kuzmin, who in his 83 years repeated the feat of Ivan Susanin. On the front lines, he often and in large quantities talked with soldiers and nurses, listened to their stories and wrote down in detail.

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From these recordings, interesting literary works and essays were born. Boris Polevoy as a journalist was interested in the characters of the people, then with what selflessness they fought against the enemy. In wartime and post-war time, in addition to newspaper notes, such works as Doctor Vera, The Story of a Real Man, and the documentary book In the End, about the Nuremberg Trials, are published. This trial of the leaders of the Wehrmacht, Boris Polevoy, was captured on the pages of the book, where he shared his impressions of the frightening truth about the Nazi criminals. All of his books were very popular, they were read to the holes, and "The Story of a Real Man" became mandatory in the school curriculum.

Devotion to their profession

Wherever Boris Polevoy visited for all his professional activities! He traveled the country from Kaliningrad to Kamchatka and wrote everywhere. No less famous are his books about Siberia, about how the country was rebuilt after the war. The novels "Gold" and "On the River Bank" are written about Soviet people who survived in the most difficult conditions of taiga. In 1961, he became the editor-in-chief of Youth, and for 20 years it was the most widely read journal in the Soviet Union. Since 1946, he has been a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, since 1952, he is vice-president of the European Society of Culture of the USSR, where he has been working on important issues of youth education.

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In 1969, the biography of Boris Polevoy is replenished with another important event: he is elected chairman of the board of the Soviet Peace Foundation. The creative work of Boris Nikolayevich is a worthy role model. The photo of journalist Boris Polevoy was recognized by every boy. His works are written in a light style, the characters were remembered for a long time, and they wanted to imitate. The complete biography of Boris Polevoy is a vivid example of devotion to his profession, and wherever he is, journalism has always been in the first place. Boris Polevoy died in July 1981 in Moscow, where he was buried.

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