- A look into the past
- The role of the journalist
- What traits should a journalist have?
- Memorial Day for the Fallen Journalists
- Why do media workers die?
- Who is he - Andrei Lunev: victim or executioner?
- Honoring the memory of the fallen
In the modern world, when everyone polls himself to be the most intelligent and knowledgeable in social, political, educational issues, being a journalist is quite difficult. But journalism has always been needed.
A look into the past
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Russian journalism, although it existed, was not yet fully strengthened.
However, even at that time there were people who forever inscribed their name in journalistic history. It should be noted that these were mostly not trained specialists, but the so-called white-collar proletarians. Among the first masters of quick, capacious and accurate words were writers, writers. Only a few of them were engaged exclusively in journalistic affairs. Unfortunately, their names have sunk into oblivion.
Among the first journalists of the investigative genre is the Russian writer Vladimir Galaktionovich Korolenko.
Vladimir Galaktionovich found his vocation in journalism in the last decades of the 19th century. The brightest of his materials can be attributed to the category of investigations in the field of social crimes. One of the most topical "Case of Multan Voyak." We can say that without Korolenko’s participation, without his scrupulous study of all the facts of the case, innocent people would have been convicted of murder. Investigating the truth, Vladimir Galaktionovich did research, which resulted in numerous articles, notes, letters and speeches.
Korolenko’s journalistic activities are a prime example of a decent media persona.
Unfortunately, not all representatives of this profession can be proud of. It is easy to explain: journalists tend to distort facts, misrepresent information, its untruthfulness. That is why a comprehensive study of the problem is important for the profession.
The role of the journalist
What is the role of the modern journalist? How does he contribute to society? What is its main goal? And what dangers, possibilities are concealed in one of the most ancient professions?
A journalist is not just a writer who must objectively highlight the realities of modern life. The main criteria are credibility and impartiality. And all because the journalist is a kind of conductor, conveying the collected verified information to the public. This is a philosopher who is able, while neglecting his own ambitions, to tell the truth to people. A journalist is a creator who, with his works, not only conveys his thoughts to the consciousness of people, but also makes them think about the significance of the problem raised.
What traits should a journalist have?
The profession of a journalist requires a person to have an opponent, while unobtrusively getting the necessary information out of him. He must be not deprived of intelligence and wit in order to get to the heart of the matter without delay. He should be aware of current events. In addition, he must be mentally and physically ready for workdays, which sometimes do not fit into any time frame.
A journalist is not just a profession, it is a vocation, thanks to which every person on the planet can visit anywhere in the world, barely opening a print publication or watching a report on television. Thanks to the journalists, the audience and readers get acquainted indirectly with interesting and extraordinary people.
Memorial Day for the Fallen Journalists
The profession of journalist harbors many secrets and dangers. Forming a public view of the world, reporters and reporters often put themselves at risk …
And this blow is not always moral and emotional. There are often cases when, fulfilling their professional duty, journalists died.
In 1991, the Russian Union of Journalists decided that December 15th will be Memorial Day for those killed in the performance of professional duty of journalists. It was established in order to remind how difficult and dangerous the work of media workers is.
According to data for 2013, the Committee to Protect Journalists named Russia one of the most dangerous countries for reporters. They also include Syria, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, India, Brazil, and the Philippines.
Statistical data on the number of deaths cited by the International Federation of Journalists and the International Institute of Safety states that Russian journalists die in the service more often than others.
In 2014, INSI (International Institute for the Safety of Journalists) ranked Ukraine and Ukraine among the countries mentioned above. Ivan Shimonovich, Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations for Human Rights, reported that she is as such as of 2015. He noted that the issue of safety of journalists has improved. However, media workers are still at great risk.
Why do media workers die?
The UN Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights noted that approximately 50% of deaths occur in a conflict zone. That is, the reason lies in the hostilities undertaken by the parties. However, he also named another source of tragic outcomes: an increase in propaganda in the media.
In support of the first cause, an accident that occurred in the spring of 2015 near the village of Shirokoe, Donetsk Region, can be called. Andrei Lunev, a correspondent for the TV channel "Star", as a result of an explosion on a grenade, received numerous wounds to the neck, chest, head and legs.
The second reason, propaganda, according to Shimonovich, is confirmed by the murder of Oles Buzin. The correspondent of the electronic version of the Russian newspaper, Dmitry Sosnovsky, characterized the Ukrainian writer and journalist:
It is believed that he was shot dead because of his political views.
Who is he - Andrei Lunev: victim or executioner?
On the website of "Radio Liberty" on April 14, 2015 there was information that shocked the public. PhD, teacher, volunteer Sergei Gakov, argued that Andrei Lunev was not blown up by accident … And he is far from being the victim, as everyone sees him, but part of the mechanism, which includes people mocking prisoners. Moreover, Sergei Gakov believes that it is difficult to call propaganda shots by a correspondent. This is a blatant lie.
Honoring the memory of the fallen
In Rostov-on-Don, sculptor Karen Parsamyan demonstrated to the audience a composition, the heroes of which were the dead journalists.
The sculpture includes 4 heroes who died in Ukraine.
The creation of the author’s composition was inspired by Russian journalists who died while fulfilling their professional duties. They were Igor Korneliuk and Anton Voloshin, employees of the All-Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company killed during a mortar attack in the Luhansk region in June 2014, Anatoly Klyan, the operator of Channel One, who was fatally wounded in the stomach, heading for one of the military units, Andrei Stenin, photo correspondent for “Russia Today ", Shot and burned in a car in the south-east of Ukraine.