- Forces and means
- Air force
- Heavenly gate
- Operation "Trap"
- Military campaign
- The death of the attack aircraft "Su-25"
What is the megalopolis of Shindand in Afghanistan? What military actions were carried out here? We will answer these and other questions in the article. Shindand is a city and center of Shindand County in the province of Garant, located in the Republic of Afghanistan. It was founded on the site of the Iranian medieval city Sabzevar.
Every inhabitant of Afghanistan Shindand is known as a beautiful city. On its northern outskirts there is a large airfield (civil and military aviation), operated by the OXVA air fleet during the Afghan war (1979-1989). Today it houses the Air Force of the American, Afghan and Italian forces of the anti-Taliban unification.
The frontiers of Shindand (Afghanistan) are enclosed in a ring road, which, with the financial support of the Iranian authorities, was recently laid in the border regions of Afghanistan (in all western regions) with Iran. The Afghan army contributes to the work of a free medical clinic that provides medical care to residents of the metropolis. Geographically, the city is located on the outskirts of the Zirko Valley - one of the most important poppy processing centers in Western Afghanistan.
It should be noted that the Limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan (OXVA) is the official name of the grouping of the USSR Armed Forces, which was located in the Republic of Afghanistan until 1989.
Forces and means
What is famous Shindand (Afghanistan)? It is known that the province of Herat was included in the zone of responsibility of the 5th motorized rifle guards division (“RPD” of the city: Shindand and Herat) OKSVA and served as a point of its permanent deployment.
The land forces and facilities of this division were:
- The 101st motorized rifle regiment (Herat);
- The 12th motorized rifle guards regiment (Herat);
- The 371st motorized rifle guards regiment (Shindand);
- 1060th Artillery Regiment (Shindand);
- The 650th reconnaissance detachment of the Prague Battalion of the Order of Alexander Nevsky (Shindand);
- The 68th Separate Engineer Guards Battalion (Shindand) and others.
Many people like to view photos of Shindand (Afghanistan). It is known that in the period from July 1980 to April 1984 in the province of Herat, in the counties of Shindand and Herat, special tasks were carried out by the "Cascade" detachments (special forces detachments of the KGB of the USSR), "Karpaty-1", "Karpaty".
The progress of the execution of significant combined-arms operations to seize the Kokari-Sharshari fortified zone filled the broad front of an inaccessible mountain region in the Iranian-Afghan border area, where, in the case of diplomatic relevance, the leadership strengthened OXWA connections.
For the landing of the air tactical assault landing method in the mountainous zones of the province of Herat, both additional units and OXVA groups were involved. So, in the general “Zapadnya” process in 1986, August 19-25, in the province of Herat were involved:
- The 149th Motorized Rifle Guards Regiment and the 201st Motorized Rifle Division (Kunduz);
- The 345th separate paratrooper regiment (Bagram);
- 28th 40th Army Artillery Regiment (Shindand);
- frontier detachment Takhta-bazar KSAPO.
How did the soldiers in Shindand (Afghanistan) fight? It is known that for transport needs, cooperation with the ground army OXVA in the course of hostilities involved in military campaigns: reconnaissance, assault, fighter-bomber aircraft. The targets established by the leadership of the 40th Army's air force also included the assault bombing attacks.
The command of the 40th Army in the province of Herat used the aviation of such air units:
- The 17th Separate Regiment KSAPO (Turkmen SSR) - Mary Air Base, commanded the regiment Colonel N. Romanyuk;
- 302nd Helicopter Separate Squadron - Herat Province, Shindand Air Base;
- 303rd helicopter separate squadron - Herat province, Herat airbase;
- The 335th Helicopter Separate Regiment - Nangarhar Province, Jalalabad Air Base;
- 378th Assault Separate Aviation Regiment - Parwan-Kandahar Province, Bagram-Kandahar Air Base;
- 50th Aviation Separate Mixed Regiment, Kabul Airport;
- 200th Aviation Separate Assault Squadron - Shindand Terminal;
- The 154th Fighter-Bomber Detached Regiment - Kandahar Terminal;
- The 378th Aviation Separate Attack Regiment is the Shindand airfield.
Do you know what Shindand airfield (Afghanistan) was like? The photo of the object is presented below. In fact, this terminal is located near Shindand, at an altitude of 1158 m above sea level. It is equipped with a runway of 2700 x 48 m. The 302th OVE (a separate helicopter squadron - Mi-8MT, Mi-24, attached Mi-6) operated in the west of Afghanistan. Maneuver zone: in latitude - from the Soviet frontier (Turagundi-Kushka) to the southern part of the republic - the deserted Gerishka, Zaranja, Lashkargah (Loshkarevki) and further, in longitude - from the Iranian frontier to the mountainous Chagcharan.
In 1986, on December 22, the staff of the 302nd OVE, under the leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Shvetsov, replaced the Alexander Black Hundred and completed the work in the rank of the Wild Shvetsov Division in 1987, October 23.
Today, the airbase is used by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The 838th advisory and expedition group of the USAF is stationed at the airfield. The group participates in ISAF and in the NATO Training Mission in Afghanistan.
The third wing of the Afghan National Air Force is also located in Shindand.
What military operations involved the city of Shindand (Afghanistan)? It is known that in 1986, August 18-26, the Soviet troops in Afghanistan conducted a military operation under the code name "Trap". It was a large-scale general air-ground campaign, which was conducted in the western province of Herat. The goal of the joint planned operation of OXVA and the DRA official forces (MIA, MGB and DRA) was to destroy the support agencies and members of the Afghan armed opposition units of the United Western Group of the famous field commander Ismail Khan.
The action was carried out in three phases on the impressive front of the mountain and lowland zones: in the border with Iran, in the mountainous region of Sharshari and in the district of old Herat. In the first and third stages of the operation, the areas adjacent to Herat were cleaned from the participants of the local groups; the base area "Kokari-Shaishari" - the most important transshipment and strong point on the border with Iran was conquered in the mountains.
This operation was recognized as one of the most successful combined-arms large-scale operations OXVA in the annals of the Afghan battle (1979-1989).
The operations and units of OXVA were involved in Operation Zapad: the 5th motorized rifle guards division located in the province of Herat, the 149th motorized rifle guards regiment (Kunduz) and the 345th paratrooper separate guards regiment (Bagram), impressive air forces from Shindand, Kabul, Bagram, Mary (Turkmen SSR) and Jalalabad air bases. The 17th Infantry Division, the 5th Panzer Brigade and others were brought from the AF DRA.
The death of the attack aircraft "Su-25"
So, you already know that the Shindand air base (Afghanistan) took an active part in the hostilities. The Su-25 attack aircraft of the 378th OSHAP, which took off from the Shindand air base, made cooperation with ground offensive forces. Their assault bombing attacks were aimed at destroying engineering communications on the line adjacent to Iran - in the area of the Kokari-Sharshari base zone, and suppressing enemy firing points.
At the same time, anti-aircraft devices ZU-23-4 and a variety of enemy anti-aircraft missile systems constantly fired back target fire. In 1986, on August 23, the English Blowpipe (ground-to-air) missile from the lands of Iran abroad was shot down by the Su-25 attack aircraft of the 378th OSHAP, led by captain A. G. Smirnov. The board at that moment was on the main line of the battle and was leaving a dive.
The plane began to spin along the roll, as it lost control, and was eliminated. The pilot was able to eject, he was evacuated from the landing site by helicopter.
When the military operation began in the province of Herat (in 1986, August 18), the commander of the air regiment appointed leading groups. The facilitator followed the scout who had designated the targets, and followed another 24 crews, guided along the channel of the Harirud River.
The goal of the low-level campaign phase was to provide security for the movement of armored vehicles and vehicles on the Kushka-Herat-Kandahar highway, carrying military, humanitarian and civilian cargo in Helmand and Kandahar provinces.
The air attack pilots had to clear the Herat area from the enemy and destroy the infrastructure of the Mujahideen. The flights lasted several weeks. When the extreme departure was completed, armored equipment and soldiers went from Kandahar and Shindand, helicopters took off. From above it was clearly visible how large-scale the operation was.
Conclusion 5-1 Guards. MSD from the garrison on the route Shindand - Herat - Turugundi - Kushka began, in accordance with the schedule, on January 29, 1989. The final ones were RR 371 SMEs, RR 101 SMEs. The withdrawal of the division ended in 1989, February 15. At the place of permanent deployment, the unit became in the city of Kushka.