- The popularity of the place
- A bit of history
- Plan for the construction of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
- Student day routine
- Prices and mode of operation
Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo until 1918), the former country residence of Russian emperors, now comes to get acquainted with local sights - the Catherine Palace and Park, to tour the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, which will take a little more than half an hour. Pushkin Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo is a special place that every tourist should visit.
The popularity of the place
Considering that the number of people willing to visit the royal chambers never decreases, it is better to buy tickets to the Catherine Palace in advance, but so that before that you can walk around the famous educational institution, warm memories of which can be found in one of the works of the great poet and writer.
The Pushkin Lyceum Museum in Tsarskoye Selo invites visitors to plunge into the old way of life and see a desk at which one of the most talented people of Russia sat.
A bit of history
Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum received its first students in 1811. Thus, the date of its foundation falls on the period of the liberalism era of Alexander I. The parents of very noble noble families brought their children to the schoolchildren of 12-14 years of age, because the educational institution was given a very difficult task - the graduate should be ready for ".
The first applicants at the beginning were not even warned that they would be in the Lyceum for six years without the possibility of going home. They were given a surprise only at the end of the day of admission, when the children enjoyed the evening dessert. The Pushkin Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo was of particular importance for high-ranking people of that time. Everyone wanted to give their children upbringing to professional teachers.
Plan for the construction of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
A connecting arch with the altar part (choirs) of the court church was built between the buildings of the Lyceum and the Catherine Palace. The school has 4 floors, each of which carried its own functional purpose:
- The lowest floor was used for residential premises in which inspectors, officials, employees, and tutors lived.
- On the next floor there was a conference room with a nearby office, a hospital and a pharmacy, a canteen where employees and students ate. The Pushkin Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo is very popular with tourists. Photos of the museum can be viewed in this article.
- The floor above in two classes was an educational process. In one of them classes were held after reading lectures. Also on the third floor was a physical office, and inside the arch, which was discussed above, there was a room for periodicals - magazines and newspapers. In the assembly hall on the same floor on October 18, 1811, the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum was opened in a solemn atmosphere. And in 1815 another historic event took place - the Pushkin scholar, who was then only 15 years old, recited his poem Memoirs in Tsarskoye Selo during the exam, forcing even an elderly Derzhavin to shed a tear.
- Pupils lived on the fourth floor. According to Pushkin, the rooms resembled very narrow “cells”, which, as for the offspring of noble families, were furnished rather modestly, in Spartan style, with a minimum of amenities. The furniture did not shine with luxury and was represented only by a mirror, an iron bed, a chest of drawers, a desk and a table for washing. In one of these rooms, at number 14, the lyceum student Pushkin lived and spent his leisure time. Years of study were so imprinted in memory that some time after completing their studies, Alexander Sergeevich who had become famous at the end of each of the letters addressed to his friends-lycestists, signed the “No. 14”.
Student day routine
Noble children had to live in Spartan conditions, the room was far from comfortable air temperature - within 17 degrees. Pushkin's Lyceum in Tsarskoe Selo was a model of discipline. Lyceum students had to adhere to the following order of the day:
- Every morning rise, as in the army, - 6.00.
- Strictly one hour was set aside in order to wake up and wipe his eyes, to consistently perform actions brought to automatism: morning toilet, dressing, prayer, repetition of lessons.
- Beginning of classes - 7.00. Two of them were held before lunch for two hours with a break. During the first break, the lyceum students had breakfast with tea and a white bun, the rest of the time before the next two-hour classes was devoted to a short walk.
- Then the next two hours of classes, after which it was allowed to take a walk, and then it was necessary to repeat the lessons.
- 13.30 - lunch, which usually consisted of three courses.
- The afternoon three hours of classes were held in a classroom with three rows of desks.
- Evening walk and compulsory exercise.
- Lyceum students dined at 20.30.
Pushkin's Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo was respected, parents liked the strict rules that children had to adhere to. In total, I had to study seven hours a day. The school year began on August 1 and ended on July 1 of the next calendar year. In Tsarskoye Selo pupils were supposed to be even during the holidays, which lasted a whole month. The six-year study period consisted of two parts: the first three years - the initial department, and the next three years - the final department. During this time, pupils had time to get not only secondary but also higher education. The curriculum almost did not correspond to the one taught in law and philosophy departments. Moreover, graduates of the Lyceum were equated with university graduates.
Prices and mode of operation
In addition to Pushkin, the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum was also graduated by many well-known personalities, such as Pushchin, Delvig, Kuchelbecker, Korf, Gorchakov, and others.
Be sure to visit the Pushkin Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo. Mode of operation - from seven in the morning until eleven in the evening. Ticket price - 120 rubles, children under 18 are free. Discounts are also presented to pensioners, a ticket to the museum will cost 30 rubles.