Landing Knife: description, history, purpose and photo

Anonim

The landing knife belongs to the category of cold cutting weapons. It is combined with a blade with a blade and a handle. Modern alloys in aggregation with alloyed elements and non-metallic components make it possible to create modifications of different strength and purpose. A special category is combat varieties for performing narrowly targeted operations that conventional options cannot do.

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Landing knife stroporez

This model is a special device for cutting slings, belts, ropes and cords. As a rule, it is equipped with a blade with a diamond-shaped concave configuration. Sharpening is done by serrated.

Weapons of this type were developed in the 30s of the last century as an auxiliary tool for paratroopers. He helped the parachutists get rid of the unopened or entangled dome. In this regard, this modification has become an integral accessory ammunition in most of the armed forces of world states.

The history of the stropresis

Parachutes entered into widespread use by flight personnel in the early 20s of the last century. Over the course of 10 years, many advanced and new modifications have been developed that do not differ in reliability. For deliberate jumps, they were used in the 30s.

For example, a parachute structure in Nazi Germany had the impossibility of quickly assembling the dome by adjusting the length of the sling. In this regard, the fighters in gusty winds often found themselves in an uncomfortable position when they dragged along the ground and overturned. The landing knife allowed to be released, had compact dimensions and small weight. The first modification was the Kappmmesser strop cutter and the FKM cutter. Massively began to apply them in 1937. These versions were distinguished by durability and ease of operation, which led to their popularity throughout the world.

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German Airborne Knife of the Wartime

The initial two modifications of the weapons in question were developed before the end of the Second World War. Among the features - the presence of clamping devices on the sheath, allowing you to place the knife on different parts of the uniforms (leg, belt, jacket). This kind of wearing became the prototype of the modern method of transporting such devices.

The first variation of the M-1937 was produced from 1937 to 1941, the design is similar to the classic pen-analogue with a standard blade and a drop-shaped tip. Its fastening was carried out with the help of copper rivets to the handle of walnut or oak. It housed a bracket for fixing the cord. In the marching position, the blade was located in the inner part of the handle.

To uncover a stroporez much effort was spent. To do this, with one hand pressed on the spring clip on the back of the handle, tilt the device forward and performed an intense wave. German airborne knife unfolds under the action of gravity. The next pressing of the lever-lock and flipping the tool with the tip upwards ensured its folding. Such a transformation system was the reason for its names ("inertial" or "gravitational").

Special features

The blade of the landing knife was made of stainless steel with nickel-plated coating. Its length was 105 or 107 millimeters, butt thickness - 4.0-4.2 mm. Design - non-separable type, also note the high strength of the material and corrosion resistance. The configuration of the blade is arrow-shaped, the heel on the right side was equipped with a side longitudinal protrusion.

The constructive weapon includes a tailing in the form of awl, focused on disentangling lines and knots, searching for mines. The specified tool was located in a folding compartment (length - 93 mm). This element was not equipped with a retainer; it was held in an open position using the heel in the shape of an English letter Z. The knife was carried on special pockets of parachute pants under the right knee of the equipment.

To remove the weapon, the fighter must unbutton the buttons and pull out the landing knife by the cord, which was fixed with one edge to the grip arch and the second to the jacket. Such a system made it possible to quickly retrieve the tool, at the same time guaranteeing its safety. The main disadvantages of the product were considered a safety spring, often failing and structural features that complicate cleaning in the field.

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Next modification

The first version of the landing knife, the photo of which is below, was made by Paul Weyersberg & Co and SMF, as evidenced by the corresponding branded logos on the blade. The second generation of the M-1937 weapon under consideration was produced from 1941 to 1945. The modification had several upgrades, easily transformed into elements without the use of additional devices, was easy to clean, had a high maintainability, even replacing a broken blade.

In addition, due to the reduction of funding due to hostilities, the products were no longer covered with a nickel-plated compound, instead of which oxide spraying was used. Versions of the 44-45s were made of carbon-blued steel. This was displayed on the exterior of the knife (the guard and the clamp differed in a darker color scheme). A few more changes are related to manufacturers. Their line was supplemented by the company EA Heibig, and the stamp was put in the form of a factory code. At that time, these weapons became part of the ammunition of parachutists, tankers and the German Navy.

Analogs

The parachutist's knife from German manufacturers turned out to be practical and useful, in connection with which, the divisions of other countries actively began to produce cutters, reshaping the product to suit specific needs. Among other manufacturers after the Germans, the first was the British company George Ibberson & Co. The model is an almost identical replica of the German counterpart of the second generation.

The only difference from the Wehrmacht's landing knife is the handle, the production material of which was fiberglass laminate with embossed stripes. Weapons intended for special divisions of Britain. Currently, such products are very rare. According to some reports, all available modifications after the war were buried in the North Sea.

Another well-known English equivalent - a device for paratroopers under the name Trois FS. It was developed by a pair of Shanghai police officers, and the peak of active exploitation was in 1939-1945. This model was popular with British “commandos” when conducting assault operations.

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American variations

In the divisions of the US Army, amphibious knives were also actively developed. Description of the modification M-2 is given below:

  • configuration - a knife with one blade;
  • unfolding type - automatic with a button;
  • equipment - spring-lever, which serves as a lock, bracket.

In the folded state along the back of the arm housed a cantilever spring. She was laid on the stopper, unlockable when you press the button. The design of the product also included a stop against self-opening, which is a fuse of a slider configuration. The weapon was worn on the chest of a special overalls.

Modification of the M-2 is appreciated by the landing units of the United States, it was recommended for use by flight crews with certain structural modifications. The updated version received the name MS-1, was carried out in the form of a folding version, on the reverse side of which a hook-shaped cutter with a concave tip was provided. Since 1957, this model was included in the equipment of the crews of the pilots during emergency and rescue operations.

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Bayonets

Separately, it is necessary to allocate landing bayonet knives. In this direction in the Soviet and Russian army developed several variations:

  1. The bayonet to the Mosin rifle. This truly terrible melee weapon inflicted deep penetrating and non-healing wounds. This feature is due to the tetrahedral shape of the needle blade and the small inlet, which makes it impossible to realistically assess the depth and severity of the lesion.
  2. The bayonet to the AK (sample 1949). It is worth noting that the first Kalashnikov assault rifles were not equipped with bayonets at all. The product "6 x 2" appeared only in 1953, had a blade, identical to the analogue to the rifle SVT-40, but with a different fixing mechanism. In general, the design of the product turned out quite successful.
  3. The bayonet of the sample of 1959. This modification for the AK-74 was replaced by a lightweight and versatile version, the basis for which was the experimental model developed by Lieutenant Colonel Todorov.

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Equipment AKM and AK-74 (1978 and 1989)

The bayonet of the model of 1978 became a sort of visiting card of the USSR on the military market. The Kalashnikov assault rifle is known worldwide, in some countries it is even depicted on the elements of the coat of arms (Zimbabwe, East Timor). The product is made in the classical configuration for its segment, multifunctional, practical and reliable.

The 1989 version is a completely different configuration of a bayonet knife, unlike its predecessor. The shape of the blade has changed, as well as the material for the manufacture of the handle and the scabbard. The type of attachment has also been upgraded, located on the right in the horizontal plane. The developers believe that the modified configuration of the blade and the mount will avoid the blade stopper between the ribs of the enemy during close combat.

Airborne Knives

In this direction of the armament of the troops of the USSR and the Russian Federation one can also point out several practical and reliable versions. Airborne airborne knives are represented by the following modifications:

  1. Staff stroporez paratroopers of the USSR. Despite the exceptionally practical use of the product for cutting parts of a tangled parachute, the model clearly applies to combat types, and quite serious ones. The presence of a double-sided saw made it possible to inflict wounds of a ragged character. And if you sharpen the blunt part of the blade blade end, it turns out a full-fledged melee weapon.
  2. Russian modern modification - a knife with automatic frontal ejection of the blade, which is sharpened on both sides. In this case, the piercing tip is also absent.
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In conclusion

Among the special knives can be noted many more representatives. Special Finns of the NKVD, models for divers, versions for special detachments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, as well as award and specific variations of the Navy, marines and other special forces are among the most dangerous and reliable. Not the last place is occupied by the landing knife-cutter, the characteristics and features of which are indicated above.

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