- Geographical position
- City `s history
- Port history
- Characteristics of the port of Mariupol
- Port Specialization
- Current state of the port
- Port Museum
- Feedback from residents and partners
Access to the sea is important for any country, because the waterway is a great trade, economic and political opportunity. Mariupol sea trade port in Mariupol is a significant state object of Ukraine. Its history and development are of public interest. We will talk about how the port was created and what are its features today.
The city and port of Mariupol are located on the shores of the Azov Sea, in the northwestern part of the Taganrog Bay. The port is located 14 km from the entrance to the bay, administratively it belongs to the Donetsk region of Ukraine and is one of the four largest sea harbors of the state. The coast of Mariupol rises 68 meters above sea level, the relief of the territory is mostly flat. The total area of the city is 166 square meters. km, and 0.67 square meters. km is the port of Mariupol.
Mariupol, the port is located in the zone of temperate continental climate. Local weather is greatly mitigated by the proximity of the Azov Sea. Winter is warm, humid and short, and summer is long, sultry, dry. In the warm season clear, sunny days prevail, the sun shines for 2340 hours in just one year. Rainfall in the region is not very much (420 mm), this is due to the fact that in summer there is little rain. This climate provides an opportunity to grow various thermophilic vegetables and fruits. But the city and suburbs are poorly supplied with water resources. The volume of the Kalmius River is not enough to cover the existing needs for fresh water; therefore, several artificial reservoirs have been created in the settlement area. The average annual temperature in Mariupol is plus 13.5 degrees. In winter, the thermometer drops to minus 1-2 degrees. Ingoda there are frosts up to 10-15 degrees. In summer, the average temperature is around 23 degrees Celsius, but the thermometer can rise to +35. The sea in the area of Mariupol in summer warms on average to 24-26 degrees Celsius. In winter, especially in January-February, the water cools a lot, sometimes an ice crust forms on the surface.
City `s history
The territory on which today is the seaport of Mariupol, has long been inhabited by people. The convenient location by the river and the sea made this place beneficial for life. Many ancient tribes lived here, from the 10th century the lands were under the control of Kievan Rus. In 1223 there was a famous Battle of Kalka between the Russians and the Polovtsy and the Mongol-Tatar army. As a result, the Russians were defeated, and the lands were for a long time under the rule of the Tatars, here the Crimean Khanate was subsequently formed. The original inhabitants, peasants, who fled from the invaders, became the ancestors of the Cossacks. In the 16-18 centuries, Zaporozhye Cossacks settled here, building fortifications to defend against the attacks of the Crimean Tatars. However, the city of Mariupol itself dates back to the second half of the 18th century (1778), when the Church of St. Nicholas was built in the fortress and a settlement was laid nearby, which was first named Pavlovsk.
In 1779, by order of Empress Catherine the Second, the city of Mariupol was created here, where it was ordered to resettle the Orthodox Greeks, who were taken out from the territory of the Crimean Khanate. The migrants were granted special rights to the land and benefits. In 1780, the city officially received the name Mariupol. The Greeks set about active construction. And the city began to grow rapidly. When the Crimea became part of the Russian Empire, part of the former settlers returned to their homeland, and their lands were distributed to the newly arriving residents. So the German diaspora was created, many free-lined Cossacks arrived, baptized Jews were resettled. The city became more and more multinational. Every nation found its own business niche, and this contributed to the rapid economic development of the region. A powerful impetus for the growth of the city gave the construction of the port. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the railway, the largest metallurgical plant, was built in Mariupol, and the port expanded. In Soviet times, the city continued to grow, although it did not manage to avoid the tragic losses during the war years. After the collapse of the USSR, Mariupol became one of the most important port cities of Ukraine and today continues its labor activity for the benefit of the country and its inhabitants.
In 1886, the port of Mariupol began to be erected, which became a natural continuation of the policy of the Russian government to develop the south of the country and to create new trade opportunities. For three years, the workers deepened the harbor for the passage of heavy vessels, built an embankment, piers, breakwaters. In 1889, the grand opening of the port. And began the regular transportation of coal from the Donetsk mines. Then, foreign vessels began to arrive at the port for trading. Over the following years, it was modernized and expanded, turning into a large modern harbor.
Characteristics of the port of Mariupol
In the competition between the ports, those who can serve vessels of any type win - and that is Mariupol. The port is able to take ships of almost any capacity all year round, and this is its undoubted advantage over many of the harbors of the Sea of Azov. Mariupol is equipped with special systems that engage in ice pilotage using an icebreaker. This allows you to serve ships all year round. The port has all types of communication with crews, including satellite. Its conditions are such that vessels with a draft of up to 8 meters and with a maximum length of 240 meters can enter it. Almost 12 thousand sq. M. m covered warehouses and 240 thousand square meters. m open areas. Mariupol is connected to more than 150 ports of all continents.
The port of Mariupol is capable of receiving vessels with a carrying capacity of up to 10 thousand tons, container ships, dry cargo ships for the transportation of coal. It mainly interacts with the harbors of the Mediterranean and Red Seas, the Volga-Don system, East Africa and the Persian Gulf. The port of Mariupol specializes in the reception of grain, bulk goods, ore, coke, coal, construction materials, metal, pipes, food containers, petroleum products, heavy and oversized equipment.
Current state of the port
Today the port of Mariupol is one of the largest sea gates of Ukraine. More than 17 million tons of various cargoes pass through it per year, and this figure is increasing every year. The port is the most important enterprise of the city of Mariupol and gives the country a constant decent influx of currency. Part of the profit is constantly directed to the modernization and improvement of the enterprise. The port is provided with the most modern equipment. This allows him to take ships in all weather conditions. Maritime port of Mariupol can be constantly monitored online, the pilotage service provides reliable support of ships, and the unloading and logistics services allow you to quickly and securely deliver cargo to the necessary address or to warehouses for storage.
Over the years, the port has accumulated a lot of documents and interesting artifacts. To systematize and store this valuable information, the Museum of Mariupol Sea Trade Port (Mariupol) was created. In 2012, he moved into a new, modern building. In two halls of the museum, visitors can learn about the history of the creation and development of the port. Also here you can see photos of employees of the harbor, the layout of its territory, maps of routes taken by ships.
Feedback from residents and partners
The port receives a large number of ships every year, and their personnel are always grateful for the work of its staff. Residents of the city are the true patriots of their port. They are always ready to talk about which ships come to the shores of the city and tell the city legends about this enterprise. A large number of city dwellers are employees of the port, and they talk about their place of work with pride.