- What does the battery consist of?
- Why batteries can not be thrown into the trash?
- Irreparable harm to health
- How in the world solve this problem?
- And as for Russia?
To date, there is no such person who has not used batteries at least once in his life. In every home there are things whose work depends on them. However, not everyone thinks, and some do not even know why you can not throw out batteries after use and how it threatens people and the ecosystem.
What does the battery consist of?
Even one small battery contains such heavy metals as cadmium, lead, nickel, mercury, manganese, alkali. Of course, as long as these substances are inside a working battery, they are not dangerous. But as soon as it becomes useless, many without a second thought send it to the trash, although there is an icon on each of them warning that the batteries should not be thrown away. Why not? Because the battery has the ability to decompose, and all the "charm" of it comes out and goes into the environment, getting into the water, food and air. How does this happen and how dangerous are these chemicals?
Why batteries can not be thrown into the trash?
It would seem, well, they get to the dump, and what's wrong with that? They will lie there and quietly rot. Not so simple.
A battery or battery is a time bomb. In a conventional landfill against corrosion or from mechanical damage, their protective metal layer is destroyed. Heavy metals are released and easily penetrate into the soil, and from there into groundwater, which carry all this into lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. Moreover, the allocation of a single finger-type batteries can pollute up to 20 meters of land and about 400 liters of water. That's not all. When batteries are burned, dioxins are released along with other waste products that poison the air. They are able to travel several tens of kilometers.
Irreparable harm to health
The plants are watered with polluted water, the animals drink it, the fish live in it, and all this then gets to the people on the table. Moreover, heavy metals do not evaporate even when boiled. They accumulate and accumulate in the body, causing irreparable damage to health.
So, lead can cause disorder of the nervous system, brain disease. Mercury is especially dangerous. It accumulates in the kidneys and can lead to their death. In addition, it affects hearing and sight. And when it enters the water, through microorganisms it turns into the so-called methylmercury, which is many times more toxic than usual. Thus, fish consumes infected microorganisms, and methyl mercury moves further along the food chain and reaches humans. He, in turn, feeds on poisoned fish or other animals that ate this fish.
Cadmium is also no less dangerous. It is deposited in the kidneys, liver, thyroid, bones and causes cancer. Alkalis have a negative effect on the skin and mucous membranes.
How in the world solve this problem?
When the question of why batteries cannot be thrown away is clarified, a new question arises. Where to put used batteries?
In developed countries, they are handed over for recycling. Recycling is the recycling of waste, from which, in turn, receive new resources. Battery disposal is a laborious and expensive process, and not all countries can afford it.
In the countries of the European Union, as well as in the USA, there are battery receiving stations in all major stores. In some cities, throwing batteries into trash cans is punishable by law. And if the relevant stores have not organized the reception of batteries, they will face a large fine.
Some manufacturers also think about this problem. For example, IKEA has released rechargeable batteries that can be recharged several times.
And as for Russia?
Until recently in Russia there was a big problem with this. In the Soviet Union there were enterprises capable of properly recycling batteries and accumulators, but after the collapse they remained in the territory of Kazakhstan and Ukraine. But, nevertheless, conscious citizens thought about why batteries should not be thrown into ordinary garbage, and looked for ways to solve the problem. They stockpiled them at home. If possible, was taken away for disposal in European countries.
Now the situation has changed. Now in Russia there is an opportunity to hand over batteries in many shops and not only in large cities. Also, the Chelyabinsk-based Megapolisresurs company has been engaged in battery recycling since 2013, collecting batches not only in Russian cities, but also in neighboring countries. However, do not expect to receive a cash reward for the batteries brought. Moreover, legal entities themselves must pay to hand over the batteries. That's because the process of their disposal is very difficult and long-term. In many ways, it depends on the amount of waste collected, which is not always possible to collect. One of the reasons may still be a lack of awareness or consciousness of Russian citizens regarding this problem.
Why you can not throw out the batteries, you know. Each of us is used to being in a polluted environment, and the body gradually adapts to such conditions. But it is impossible to treat harmful waste from batteries as well as emissions of factory chemicals, exhaust gases and other pollution that an ordinary person cannot prevent. Disposal of batteries can affect everyone.
Start small. First of all, explain to your relatives and friends why it is impossible to throw away used batteries, but rather to hand over. If you use them in large quantities, then it is worth switching to rechargeable batteries. You can put a collection box in your doorway, be sure to coordinate it with the housing office.
If you already understand the importance of not throwing out batteries, why not take these small steps towards preserving nature and improving the quality of life? However, it is up to you, but one way or another, the future of the planet depends on each and every one.