- Regions where there was an unprecedented heat
- What was going on in Moscow
- How to explain such abnormally high temperatures?
- Climatic weapons?
- The effects of heat
- The hottest summer in Russia is still ahead
- What is ahead? Will the earth turn into an oven?
Russians have already got used to the abnormal weather. In recent years, the heat beats all records recorded over the past 100 years. Meteorological news told that in its entire history the hottest summer in Russia was issued in 2010. However, some regions of Russia in the summer of 2014 also experienced unprecedented heat, especially its central part. Since the beginning of August, the degree mark has reached a higher - red - level of danger.
Regions where there was an unprecedented heat
In 2010, anomalous weather arrived in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. The central and Volga district became the hottest in August. Heat was observed in the south of the country and the North Caucasus. Kursk and Voronezh experienced an excess of the climatic norm of average daily air temperature by 7 degrees. Mercury bar showed 36 degrees above zero.
Anomalies touched even the north of Yakutia and the Arctic islands, where people have not seen such heat in history. Here, the air temperature exceeded the average daily climate norm by 3 degrees. Residents of the Republic of Sakha observed 38 degrees Celsius in the shade! These figures are not far from extreme. In the lower reaches of the Kolyma, the air warmed to 25 degrees.
Primorye, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands … The Far Eastern District was also the hottest in August 2010.
Above 30 degrees was in the European part, according to the Hydrometeorological Center, these are the highest marks in the entire history of observations. In July, the mark for 40 degrees was recorded in the Volga region, Tatarstan, Karelia, Komi, Kuban, Bashkiria, Stavropol, the North Caucasus, Kalmykia and other areas.
What was going on in Moscow
In Moscow, temperature records for past years were broken dozens of times. The capital of Russia was in the lead, leaving behind Cyprus, Israel and Egypt - countries that are warmer. Here an abnormally high temperature was maintained for 33 days in a row. The most impressive achievement was the rise of a mercury column on July 28 to 38.2 degrees Celsius. The water in the Moscow River warmed up to almost 30 degrees, which is higher than on the Crimean coast.
In the hottest summer in Russia in 2010, 40 degrees in the shade was observed in the Moscow region, which is 5 degrees higher than the 1951 record.
How to explain such abnormally high temperatures?
There are quite a few versions of the anomalous summer of 2010. The involvement of this person is still unclear. There is an opinion that the cause was the cosmos - increased solar activity, the coincidence in 2010 of the amplitudes of the solar and lunar cycles.
The hydrometeorological center of Russia claims that cyclic oscillations of the earth’s atmosphere have appeared, one of the reasons for which is the tidal effect of the moon. In addition, the ozone content in the upper layer of the atmosphere has sharply decreased. As you know, it is ozone that protects the planet from excessive heat from the sun. For all these reasons, the weather in Russia has changed. Winters have become even more severe, and the summer months are characterized by unprecedented heat.
Adverse changes are observed not only in temperature, but also in other "genres" of weather. For example, in 2010, precipitation fell only 90 mm, while in 2002 - 24 mm, which is again a record. Moreover, precipitation fell very unevenly. In the central part of Russia, there was no rain for 2 months at all, and then torrential rain fell on the ground, again causing cataclysms.
The idea of the use of climate weapons against Russia is being actively discussed among scientists, both military and public.
The American HAARP station, launched in 1997, is located in Alaska. This is a huge field of 14 hectares. 180 antennas and 360 radio transmitters with a height of 22 meters are placed on all surfaces. It is known that $ 250 million was spent on the arrangement of the “field”. Officially, the Northern Lights are being studied here, but the station is controlled not by scientists, but by the military.
Some experts (in Europe, Asia) believe that this is a formidable climate weapon that can cause not only abnormal heat, but also typhoons, tsunamis, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. In support of their hypotheses, they cite world statistics, according to which since 1997, the planet has been shaken by powerful natural disasters that claimed tens of thousands of lives.
The effects of heat
As a result of the heat, the concentration of harmful substances in the air increased several times. People had trouble breathing. The hydrometeorological center of Russia reported that the situation was complicated by the lack of precipitation, which fell the minimum amount.
According to statistics, many people have become victims of the heat, especially over 50 years. The cardiac, hypertensive, asthmatic, diabetic patients suffered greatly. Due to poor health, their bodies could not cope with extreme temperatures, as a result of which many crises occurred. Most of the exacerbations were fatal, some were suffocating in a dream.
As a result of the heat, Russia was swept over by fires. The fire was recorded at 22 objects in 134 localities, more than 2, 000 houses burned down and 60 people died. It was difficult in Ryazan, Vladimir, Sverdlovsk, Mordovia, Mari El. In the second half of July, the weather stations recorded a smoke-filled atmosphere; by the end of the month, the situation became even more aggravated. Because of the fires, the US State Department has imposed restrictions on entry into Russia.
Numerous forest fires, which resulted in the destruction of hundreds of hectares of forest, have become a serious consequence of the heat.
The hottest summer in Russia in 2010 was the first in the last 130 years. There is a version that the abnormal weather has a certain frequency and repeats every 35 years due to the ebb and flow of the moon. It was hot in 1938, then - 1972. You can continue - in 2010, although the interval exceeded 38 years. Weather statistics in Moscow for the period from 1938 suggests that the average daily temperature has become 5-7 degrees higher in the summer, and this is observed constantly, every season.
If we take the statistics of the average air temperature in Moscow, then the weather has changed significantly in 10 years. In 2002, the average July temperature was 21 degrees, and in 2012 - 23 degrees. The average daily maximum was recorded in 2010 - 26 degrees Celsius, which is 4 degrees higher than in previous years. In August of the same year, the average temperature was 22 degrees, which is 2 degrees higher than in 1938-2011.
The hottest summer in Russia is still ahead
However, the summer of 2011 brought Russia new records. For 50 years, this heat has not been seen in Tomsk, the Volga region. By the point of 40 degrees above zero, the population is almost accustomed.
St. Petersburg observed the excess of average temperatures over the absolute maximum recorded in 2010. The beginning of July was the hottest in the entire history of the northern capital, on July 2, with a 31-degree mercury mark, it broke all records for the last 100 years. According to statistics, the temperature rose to 30 degrees in 1907.
A new record was set in Volgograd and Astrakhan. The mark exceeded 43 degrees. Krasnodar distinguished itself, which in principle is considered to be the hottest region in Russia. However, in 2011, the capital of the region became the champion in excess of the average daily rate by 12 degrees.
After 2010, the hottest summer in Russia was in 2012. It has become historical. In the village of Utta in Kalmykia, the mark exceeded by 5.5 degrees the highest recorded temperature in this place. Residents are already accustomed to such heat and are ready for the new summer season, although for many, especially asthmatics and people with heart diseases, the abnormal summer has become a serious challenge in terms of health.
What is ahead? Will the earth turn into an oven?
According to the weather center, this is not the limit. Weather statistics over the years suggests that global warming is actively occurring. However, with what it is connected, no one can say with certainty. After 30-40 years, a similar heat in Russia can turn back to normal.
What awaits us ahead? There is no definite answer, since the opinions of weather forecasters differ greatly. The fact that we are waiting for warming in the next 10 years, and the weather in Russia is changing, is no one in doubt. Frequency is no longer valid, because anomalies are repeated almost every year lately. Scientists from NASA claim that the anomalous weather on the territory of Russia and could be repeated in the coming year.
Meteorologists are able to give a weather forecast for a maximum of a couple of weeks, but no one can say for sure what will happen in six months.