The American Mustang is a horse returned by Columbus ... Is it a historical heritage of this country?

Anonim

Mustangs are horses that Columbus returned to America after being taken out of Spain in 1493. On the territory of North America and previously lived primitive horses. For some reason (perhaps hunting or changes in climatic conditions), they ceased to exist on these lands.

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Thus, the first mustang brought to Florida and Mexico is a horse, which is a descendant of Iberian horses, which originated from Arab and Andalusian horses. Mustangs spread throughout the Americas during the advance of the first settlers in the Mississippi land. Some of them escaped from the herd being overtaken, some were abducted by the Indians.

In later times of colonization of America, immigrants from France and England also brought their horses. After 200-300 years, living on the prairie and becoming a wild mustang is a horse that no longer has any resemblance to imported Spanish horses, besides high endurance. Entrepreneurial horse breeders began to catch wild horses - mustangs. They crossed them with Germanic breeds. Mustangs were crossed and as a result of the fact that in winter, the ranch owners released all horses to freedom so that they feed and survive themselves, and with the arrival of spring, when they needed horsepower for tillage and for movement, they caught them, capturing and wild youngsters.

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The life of the Indians dramatically changed the Mustang. The horse was used by them as a means of transportation, it was harnessed to the scraps, used in battles, in the hunt for wild bulls, in trade. Indians exchanged them, resold them, stole them. Some Indians had herds of thousands of horses, and tribes had tens of thousands. By the beginning of the twentieth century, herds of herds of a total of two million herds walked around North America. Hunting them has become commonplace. Hunters caught the horses for the sake of selling to the military or for the sake of getting meat - horse meat, from which they prepared sausages and bacon, as well as pet food.

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In order to save the cultivated agricultural fields from the invasion of herds, they were hunted or shot directly from the aircraft. As a result, after fifty years in the Americas, the mustang has become a rarity. The horse needed protection, therefore laws were created that protect these animals. Today they live only in the protected areas of the United States. But the country continues to debate about the status of these animals, because not everyone agrees that they are the historical heritage of America.

Many Americans have a negative attitude to wild horses, claiming that they reduce the amount of pet food, even noticing that wild herds live in arid areas where, due to lack of water, herds of cows and sheep cannot graze. The hard natural selection that wild horses underwent has adapted them to the most severe conditions. They search for food more than eighty kilometers a day.

Nowadays, if a wild herd grows heavily, then some of the horses are caught and given to private households with a surcharge of $ 125 for each horse taken on the ranch (meaning the mustang). The horse, whose photo will be liked, the future owner takes away and cares for her for a whole year, and only then receives the promised reward and full right to it.

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