A lot of human victims are connected with technical progress. Do not believe? Look at the statistics: the number of people killed in car accidents is significantly higher than the number of deaths from falling from a horse. Modern man is surrounded on all sides by killer machines: from hair dryers in the bathroom to televisions that can explode.
Science fiction has long solved this problem: in order not to be afraid of cars, you have to become a machine gun yourself. By the way, man-cyborg may well become a reality soon. After all, progress does not stand still. Cyborg - who is that? Let's see.
They are among us
So, for many, cyborg is Robocop, Terminator and other heroes from the screen. Let us remember the brightest and most iconic of them.
Terminator (model T800). This well-known cyborg played Arnold Schwarzenegger. Everyone knows his famous “I'll be back” and “Hasta la vista, baby”, even those who have never watched the saga. The film was a great success, so the authors have shot more than one sequel. And even in 2015, the next part of the Terminator is planned.
Robocop is a cyborg cop. According to the scenario, it was manufactured by OSR, and served as the basis for the police officer Alex Murphy. The film was shot in 1987, and in 2014 his remake was released.
Another picture that has received universal recognition is the “Universal Soldier”: Cyborg Van Damme is opposed to the Cyborg of Lundgren.
Still, the very first real cyber-man in the movie was not Terminator or Robocop, as you might think, but a wheezing and whistling character from Star Wars. This is Anakin Skywalker, or rather what was left of it, enclosed in a special life support suit. It was he who paved the way for all the other "brothers" in a big movie. The cult TV series Doctor Who also talks about the cyborgs uprising that came from the 10th planet of the solar system.
However, cinema is not the only arena for cyber people. They can be found in large numbers in the world of the fighting game (computer games) - Mortal Kombat, Soul Calibur and others. Also today, all kinds of designers, toys, figures, etc. are very popular. For example, Lego-Cyborg.
We will understand the term. In the conventional sense, a cyborg is a bionic person, i.e. creature with a mechanical body. This term appeared somewhere in the early 60s. The word "cyborg" (cyborg) contains two concepts. The first is cybernetic (cybernetic), the second is organism. This term means "living organism", which has been improved with the help of special mechanical devices.
Technical progress has its own peculiarity: striving for minimalism. So, large landlines turned into small mobile phones that we carry with us daily. Players, watches, phones, tablets - today a man without them, as without hands. Thus, man and technology evolve together. And it is quite possible that sooner or later this will be the beginning for real cyborgs.
Unnatural, by the way, exist today. These are people who wear artificial limbs, pacemakers, titanium bone plates, hearing aids, contact lenses and ceramic teeth, after all. Now imagine that somewhere there is a person who has it all set at the same time. Isn't it a cyborg?
Today, such a person is rather an invalid than a super-hero from the screen. While implanted devices only compensate for the shortcomings, but over time the situation will change. This can lead to increased physical abilities of a person.
Robot or cyborg
Cyborg - who is this? A living organism in which mechanical devices are embedded? Or a robot that contains biological components? Originally cyborg called a man who was on the verge of dying. All mechanical devices served as his replacement for what he lacked due to certain circumstances. Technical implants for arms, legs, internal organs, etc. Today, even thoroughbred robots, which have never even been humans before, have become known as cyborgs. For example, terminators from the saga of the same name. But still it is wrong.
Terminators (T800, for example) and others like it are machines, robots. Cyborgs are, first of all, people, living biological beings. Therefore, it is not correct to call the terminator a cyborg. Here the word "android" would be more appropriate.
Over the past 50 years, humanity has advanced far in the field of organic matter. Today it is possible to replace up to 60% of the human body. The highest achievements are in the creation of artificial limbs. Innovation was the creation by Touch Bionics of the i-Limb bionic prosthesis. This device is able to read muscle signals from the remaining limb and interpret the movements that a person is trying to do.
The most breakthrough invention is considered an artificial limb, submitted by the Agency for Defense Technologies (DARPA). The peculiarity of this prosthesis is that you can mentally control it! The device is connected to the muscle tissue, thereby reading the brain impulses. These, of course, are not the only developments in this field. But they all have one common fat minus: the high cost and complexity of operation.
At the moment, this is the easiest replacement of anything in the body. Most often, artificial bones are made of titanium. However, since 3D printing has become widely used, high-precision plastic elements are also used.
The development of the skeleton reinforcement is underway. Scientists are developing a new technology: the reinforcement of a specific bone using titanium powder and foamed polyurethane. This should allow the porous structure of the implant to acquire bone tissue, which in turn will lead to an increase in the skeleton. It is not yet known whether these developments can be successfully completed and find practical application, but the idea is worthwhile.
It is much more difficult to artificially reproduce the internal organs of a person than bones or limbs. However, progress does not stand still here. The most medicine has advanced in the field of creating an artificial heart. And every day this technology is getting better. Scientists predict the speedy creation of artificial eyes and kidneys. There is progress in working with the liver. However, while this is only a development.
Soon, studies of the intestine, bladder, lymphatic system, spleen and gall bladder are planned. And what about the most important and complex organ of the human body?
This is perhaps the most difficult task. Here are two stages. The first is the creation of artificial intelligence. The second is the reproduction of the structure of the brain itself. Using computer technology, engineers are tirelessly trying to replicate the neural network of a human thinking organ. However, they are far from the brain. For example, the software simulator Spaun in 2.5 hours projected what our main organ reproduces in 1 second. Another project called SyNAPSE can simulate about 530 billion neurons, thereby lagging the brain 1, 500 times.
However, creating a neural network is not all. It must be made to "think." Those. create artificial intelligence. At this stage, while empty. There are small advances in Apple - the so-called Siri. But that's all. In general, many scientists raise doubts that at this stage of development, humanity is capable of something like that.
Is cyborg real?
So, how close is humanity to creating a real cyborg with a living brain and a metal body? The answer is: in the next twenty years, this is hardly technologically possible.
There is an opinion that in the future cyborg with a body artificially grown in a laboratory, rather than a metal one, is possible. Such "people" will have improved abilities. But how should they be called then?
Still, the main reason is the unreadiness of people to accept the existence of cyber people. Remember how hard the society got used to the idea of cloning. Some believe that this is unnatural and contrary to the will of the Creator. Others are shackled by fear for their future, representing a cyborg uprising and the complete destruction of all life. Of course, this idea has quite a few supporters. But, most likely, it will take more than one decade until social and religious differences subside.
Today, the development of biotechnology is at an early stage. Therefore, it is difficult to even imagine what the cyborg of the future will be. But one thing is clear that the famous cyborg cop will remain the fantasy of the film director, which is not destined to come true.