Weida dyeing in antiquity and the modern world

Anonim

Weida dyeing is a biennial plant with a height of 1-1.5 meters. It differs from other closely related varieties in its smaller length of its petals, a different structure of the pod. It has an oblong shape with a blunt-rounded tip.

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Vaida bloom occurs in May and June. It grows in the fields, on dry slopes, along sandy and gravelly mounds. The favorite place of the woad is the railways. Therefore, travelers have the opportunity to admire the numerous yellow flowers during the trip. They are small, 3-4 mm long. Most often the plant is found in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, Central Asia. It also actively occupies positions in Asia Minor, China and the Balkan Peninsula.

Medicinal properties

The Chinese are big fans of the plant. They are actively used in traditional medicine weida dyeing. Reviews of her most positive. First, the root contains a substance that can kill intestinal and typhoid sticks. Secondly, there are good results in treating cold diseases. With mass epidemics in China, they drink broths from the roots and leaves of the plant. They are great help with inflammatory diseases of the throat, epidemic meningitis. Vida seeds are used to obtain nutritious oil. In its composition, it resembles flaxseed. It is used to treat various wounds, ulcers, boils and ringworm.

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How is the root harvested?

The harvesting period falls on the autumn season. Carefully remove the root from the ground, avoiding mechanical damage. Rinse thoroughly with a strong stream of cold water and dry with a paper towel. After the root becomes dry to the touch, it is cut into medium plates and laid with a thin layer on the prepared tray. Place for drying should choose aerated and shady. You should periodically turn the sliced ​​plates to avoid mold. Modern technologies make it possible to get better quality raw materials. If a person is constantly engaged in the procurement of various medicinal herbs in a large volume, then you can purchase an automated dryer.

Seed recipe

In order to improve their vision, healers advise you to pour 1 teaspoon of 1/3 cup of boiling water over the seeds, close the lid and leave to cool completely. The resulting solution is instilled into the eyes 2 drops 3 times a day. To enhance the effect, you need to take a chopped root weighing 60 g and pour one cup of boiling water. Insist for half an hour in a water bath, cool and strain. Take an infusion of 1/3 cup simultaneously with instillation of the eyes.

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The use of leaves in different industries

Fresh juice is traditionally used in China. Recently, Russian cosmetologists have also been using leaves of woody dyed. The liquid is obtained from dried particles and dyed eyebrows and eyelashes in several stages. The positive effect is that the juice is a natural dye and promotes hair growth. Also claimed is the oil of woad dye. It is rubbed into the scalp to strengthen the bulbs.

Besides cosmetology, leaves are an excellent product for obtaining indigo dye. This is a range of blue and purple hues. During clinical trials, it was found that waida is a colorant, capable of accumulating a large amount of sugar. At the moment, Russian scientists have bred a cultivar and conducted successful trials in Western Siberia.

Historical fact

In ancient Rome, local women grew waida in order to get paint from its leaves for sold fabrics. This method of earning was so successful that the Weida dyeing plant filled the entire island of Lemnos, displacing other exotic species. During the ripening of the fruit, it gave off a peculiar unpleasant odor.

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It was vital not only in the air throughout the district, but also eaten into the skin and hair of women who were engaged in dyeing fabrics. As a result, single men stopped to marry local girls, and married men stopped sharing the marital bed with their spouses. Female representatives were angry, but did not destroy such a useful plant, and went the other way.

While local residents worked with fabrics, men fought and brought in prey. She was of a different nature: stolen cattle, looted things and valuables. But this time, the representatives of the stronger sex brought with them girls aliens from Thrace. They settled them in their homes, and their wives were expelled along with their smelly dyes to the edge of the island. They themselves had a feast with new girlfriends. But the couple were not timid! After waiting for the men to get drunk and to indulge in the pleasures of foreigners, the offended women killed everyone. Subsequently, they began to live without men, being called Amazons.

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Interesting about Weida

Italian scientists concluded that the ancient people used this plant not only as a dye or a therapeutic agent. The Celts prepared a special extract drug from the woad juice and applied it to the tips of their arrows. The poison penetrated deep into the fabric of the enemy, causing him to experience terrible hallucinations. Subsequently, the man was completely disoriented and devoid of reason, which led to his death.

In addition, modern scientists have shown that woad dye contains a substance that can have a powerful antitumor effect in cancer. However, doctors warn that self-medication is contraindicated. At risk - pregnant women and persons suffering from diabetes. Therefore, the medication from the miraculous plant should be coordinated with your doctor. Take care of your health!

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