Chinese New Year. The main facts and myths about the most important holiday for the Chinese

Anonim

Chinese New Year is not just the most important holiday in China. It attracts the attention of people from all over the world for its entertainment and unusual traditions. This year it will be celebrated on February 5th.

Do you want to know why on this day firecrackers are blown up, give money to children and burn fake bills? Here are 12 interesting myths and facts that you probably didn't know about the Chinese New Year.

Chinese New Year is also known as the Spring Festival.

In China, it is also called Chunjie (春节) or the Spring Festival. It symbolizes the end of the coldest days. People welcome spring and what it brings with it - warmly, the beginning of the agricultural season and new plans.

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On New Year's Eve, people are hiding from monsters.

According to an ancient legend, a monster named Nian (年) threatened the lives of civilians. Therefore, every New Year's Eve, most people hide in their homes. But one boy was brave enough to scare and drive the monster away with the help of firecrackers. The next day, the people celebrated their victory, blowing up even more firecrackers. And this practice has become an important part of the spring festival. On New Year's Eve, the largest number of fireworks in the world is recorded.

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For safety reasons and concerns over air pollution, many Chinese cities have banned fireworks. In more than 500 cities, restrictions have been imposed.

But … many people do not care, and they continue to rejoice and have fun. Beijing has banned fireworks for 13 years. The ban was lifted in 2006 due to an angry public.

If you are in China at this time, you can probably hear and see firecrackers exploding for at least three nights in a row (this can last for weeks).

In addition, in Chinese families, it is customary on New Year's Eve to burn fake paper money in memory of their deceased loved ones. They believe that such donations will bring good luck to their ancestors in the afterlife.

In the New Year, people do not leave their homes

By tradition, the New Year is a family holiday. In China, this is treated with particular trepidation. People spend all their time at home with their relatives, and they only go out into the street five days after the beginning of the new year. This is a national holiday. The vast majority of stores are closed. Therefore, the Chinese are preparing for the celebration in advance. Already, they are buying food for the holiday table, gifts, new clothes and more.

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Spring Festival causes the largest migration of people in the world

The most important part of the Chinese New Year is family reunion. Everyone should go home for a gala dinner.

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But since in modern China the majority of elderly parents live in rural villages, and their children work in cities, a unique event takes place. Spring migration begins. It leads to the fact that people have to literally fight for tickets for trains, buses, airplanes. In 2015, statistics showed that about 1 thousand tickets were sold in China every second.

Do not shower, sweep, or throw garbage.

Shower is prohibited in the New Year. Sweep and throw garbage can not be up to the 5th. This is done so that you do not wash away your luck!

On the other hand, there is a day before the spring festival dedicated to cleaning. On this day, you can sweep away the failure and make room for good.

What else is taboo during the Chinese New Year:

  • Haircut (banned until February 2).
  • Use scissors, knives and other sharp objects.
  • Dispute and swearing.
  • Pronunciation of unhappy words (such as "death" and "illness").
  • Breakage of things.

Children get money for happiness in red envelopes

In other cultures, children receive gifts for the holidays. But Chinese children get something else - red envelopes.

They are also called red bags or pockets, they put money in them. Cash should help pass the luck from the older generation to the younger one. They can also be transferred between supervisors and employees, colleagues and friends.

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Every day, at every meal you must eat dumplings

Technically - everyone should eat dumplings on holidays. But few in this case come in accordance with the rules. They have a large number of other tasty products. Therefore, most people will eat dumplings during dinner on New Year's Eve. Others - for the first breakfast.

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Contrary to popular belief, dumplings are not very popular in China. They are more loved in the north of the country. In the south, people prefer to eat spring rolls (egg rolls) and sticky rice balls in a soup called tanyuan (汤圆).

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Chinese New Year desserts are special

Many cultures have symbolic food. But Chinese New Year's desserts have a special purpose. And this is basically a pun in the title.

Take Tanyu, for example. It literally means "soup balls." But it sounds like tuanyuan (团圆), which means reunion. It is therefore not surprising that during the Chinese New Year this is a popular dessert.

Nian Gao (年糕) is a kind of rice cake. It symbolizes success every year.

In the New Year, it is customary to offer prayers to the gods. The antiquity Spring Festival was considered a ceremonial day when it was customary to pray to the gods and ask them for a good season and a rich harvest. People also prayed to their ancestors, they were treated like gods. The best products from the holiday table were offered to the gods.

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China has a special wine for the Spring Festival

The Chinese love to drink. There is a saying that without wine there is no manners and / or etiquette. This means that you need wine for every ceremony, festival or important dinner.

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There is wine for engagement, wedding, birthday … and, of course, the Spring Festival.

The Chinese decorate everything in red for the Chinese New Year

Each family will decorate their homes with this color. Remember the story about the monster Nyan? Fireworks - not the only thing that scared him. Red is also an invaluable weapon and is used in almost all Chinese New Year decorations.

The Chinese will hang red lanterns and chili threads, stick red paper on the doors and windows.

It is also believed that new clothes bring good luck. People will add new red clothes to their wardrobe at the Spring Festival.

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Christmas greetings in Chinese - "Xin Nian Qui Le"

The phrase literally means "Happy New Year." But the expression gong hei fat choy is common in Hong Kong. In Chinese, mandarin is gong xi fa cai. This means "congratulations on fate."

Other greetings wish abundant harvests, wealth, good luck, health and longevity, children and a strong family.

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Chinese New Year celebrated worldwide

Every fifth person in the world is Chinese. In England, the USA, Australia celebrate mass holidays of spring, not counting the Middle Kingdom.

Year is characterized by animals

Western horoscopes include 12 signs of the zodiac, one for each month. In Chinese culture, there are also 12 signs, but this is an animal for a year.

They play a much larger role than in the west. Your animal determines career, health and, yes, success.

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