Brazil, impeach the president: causes and consequences

Anonim

The scene is Brazil. The impeachment of the president split the country into supporters and opponents. Burning tires, tear gases are all a consequence of this process. The former president of Brazil Dilma Rousseff did not stand aside either. Impeachment she declared illegal. An appeal was filed to the Supreme Court. What will happen next in a Latin American country called Brazil? Will the impeachment of the president affect the organization of the BRICS, which includes our country? Let's try to understand this issue.

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What is impeachment

Impeachment is a legal resolution of the internal political conflict in a country, the official (legal) procedure for dismissal of state leaders. In other words, this is the dismissal of the president. In presidential republics, and Brazil is precisely this, the head of state is the highest official. He is elected in elections. However, there are situations when the president conducts an explicit anti-state policy. What to do in this situation, if it is chosen by the majority of citizens? To this end, in democratic countries there is an impeachment procedure, when other elected bodies of power (Parliament, Senate, Seimas, etc.) have the right to remove him.

Impeachment is a rather complicated procedure. In most countries, including our country, the lower house of parliament should initiate it by a majority vote. Further, all branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial) must approve it.

Features of the impeachment procedure in Brazil

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The impeachment of the president of Brazil (voting and further procedure) begins with the lower chamber of deputies. This is enshrined in the country's Constitution, in force since 1988. Apply with a petition can any citizen. Suspension can be made for serious offenses:

  • criminal offenses;
  • an attempt on the foundations of the state and the free exercise of the functions of the branches of government;
  • violation of an individual's rights;
  • fraud, misuse of budget money;
  • other violations of budget legislation (namely the last violations).

The last two items from the list formed the basis for the removal of Dilma Rousseff.

After the petition has been submitted to the lower chamber, a special parliamentary commission consisting of all factions meets. She considers the charge and makes the appropriate recommendations. Next is the vote. In the lower house of Brazil 513 deputies. It is necessary that 342 votes. If the necessary number of deputies decide that an impeachment procedure should take place, then the current president, according to the Constitution, should temporarily cease his duties. However, as early as December 2015, the Federal Supreme Court decided that only after the approval of the country's Senate should the president be removed. In this case, the vice-president should act temporarily.

There are 81 votes in the Senate. For a successful impeachment procedure it is necessary 54. After that, the president ceases his authority. However, he has the right to appeal to the Federal Supreme Court. If the president is still deprived of his powers, he does not have the right to hold public office for eight years.

Brazil: impeach the president. How did it all start?

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It seems that the crisis of the left anti-American forces in Latin America has overtaken and Brazil. What was the impeachment of the president of Brazil? True causes may be hidden deeper. However, the official reason was financial fraud and suspicion of corruption. The president was accused of hiding the true size of the budget, thereby concealing the economic situation in the country so as not to lose votes in the elections. In addition, the opposition accused her of corruption schemes with one of the state-owned companies, but her guilt was not proven.

In May 2016, the lower house removed Dilma Rousseff from office. On August 31, the Senate also voted by a majority for her resignation. This was broadcast live on television. After the Senate declared the impeachment procedure legal, supporters of the ex-president and opponents took to the streets. Opinion polls show that most are opponents. They are 68% of the population, but is it worth trusting opinion polls? The question is rhetorical. Naturally, there was no referendum on this. It is not provided for by the law of Brazil under a similar procedure.

Brazil: impeach the president. What's happening?

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The decision of the Senate on this issue is not a final decision. The point in this case should put the Supreme Court. Dilma’s lawyers prepared two appeals at once: one revealed numerous irregularities in the impeachment procedure, the other - a violation of the substantive rules of law.

September 9, 2016 the appeal took place. Judge Theory Zavaski recognized impeachment lawful. However, the point is not set. The final decision should be taken by a plenary of 11 judges.

Impeachment or coup d'état?

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So, let's look at the local legislation of the country called Brazil. Impeachment of the president can be carried out only for serious violations. The court did not recognize Dilma Rousseff as a criminal, therefore, they had no right to remove her. At least, supporters of the ex-president and her lawyers say so. The international community in the region fully agrees with this. Countries such as Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, can not understand the impeachment of the President of Brazil, for which he was held. Having understood the situation, they announced a coup d'état.

Actively supported the resignation of the United States. This is not surprising. The US has always applied a policy of double standards. For this country, any ally state is a real "stronghold of true democracy." Regimes in unfriendly countries, on the contrary, are “tyrannical and dictatorial.” Dilma Rousseff proclaimed anti-American rhetoric. Therefore, any overthrow of it will be "legal, democratic and constitutional."

"We are not couplers"

“We are not coup leaders, ” said the new President Michel Temer, former Deputy of Dilma Roussef, with this phrase. It seems that he wanted to inspire this to himself and those present. Many citizens do not think so. Direct evidence was provided by the newspaper Foglia di São Paulo. She published an audio recording of the conversation of the closest supporters of the new president. So, in the conversation of the future ministers a few weeks before the vote of the lower house there were phrases that Dilma should leave voluntarily, so that there would be no unrest. Apparently, they assumed that the president at the time would not simply give up his authority. From this conversation it was clear that many judges and generals support the coup d'etat and will do everything to make it happen.

Is the USA to blame?

The coup d'état made Brazil "the largest stronghold of democracy." The country has received such high status from teachers of “true freedom” - the USA. WikiLeaks released interesting documents. They show that the new foreign minister, José Serra, was a representative of American oil companies that want to produce oil in Brazil on favorable terms. Strange coincidence.

On the involvement of the United States in the internal political conflict in Brazil, said Luiz Filipe Miguel, doctor of political sciences. He stressed that there is a direct connection between the conservatives of Latin America and the United States government, who saw in the forces of the left a threat of total hegemony in the region.

Dilma Rousseff is not to blame?

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I want to look at the problem objectively. Without political bias. Even in our country, the assessment of impeachment is ambiguous: the liberal media fully support the procedure, the patriotic ones respond negatively. Let's try to figure out if Dilma Rousseff is so innocent? What is the real reason for impeaching the president of Brazil?

The fact is that in the country for a long time there was high inflation associated with constant government loans at all levels. In the 1990s, tough laws were passed that limited the ability of the authorities to take out loans, so a violation of Brazil’s fiscal policy is considered serious.

The government of Rousseff is accused of obliging state banks and funds in advance, before the second presidential election in 2014, to pay social benefits to those in need, to finance an affordable housing program. What does it mean? In fact, social obligations began to be fulfilled, money flowed into the economy, it temporarily revived. At the same time, the budget deficit has not grown. Satisfied citizens chose Dilma Rousseff for a second term.

The Court of Accounts recognized such actions as hidden loans of the state, and this is a serious crime. This was the main reason for impeachment. In addition, Dilma Rousseff is accused of corruption ties with investment funds, oil companies.

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The position of the ex-president was aggravated by the fact that the country entered at the peak of the crisis. The decline in GDP in 2015 turned out to be the highest in the country's recent history - about 4%. Together with mass propaganda in the media, this has provided support among many segments of the population. As a result, the impeachment of the President of Brazil successfully took place.

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What will happen to the BRICS

Our country is concerned about the organization of the BRICS. It includes both Brazil and Russia. Experts believe that political processes will not affect it in any way, since this is a commercial organization that benefits all participants.

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