Culture is the most important factor that organizes the spiritual life of people. The meaning of the concept “culture” is very broad and not always definite. By it they understand the state of society, its characteristics, and the totality of traditions, customs, beliefs, and technologies of the inhabitants of a certain area. Culture does not arise on its own, in a natural, natural way, it always appears due to man, it is a product of his activity.
Symbiosis of nations
And the interaction of cultures is very similar to the relationship between people. They may be in a hostile, antagonistic relationship (recall, for example, crusades), one culture can supplant another (is there much left of the culture of North American Indians?). They can be mixed together (the interpenetration of the traditions of the Saxons and the Normans led to the emergence of a new - English - culture). However, the current state of the civilized world shows that the optimal form of interaction between cultures is a dialogue.
The dialogue of cultures, as well as the dialogue between people, arises from mutual interest or urgent need. The young man liked the girl - and he asks where he could have seen her before, that is, the young man begins a dialogue. No matter how much we like the boss, we are forced to have a business dialogue with him. An example of interaction between antagonistic to each other cultures: even during the time of the Golden Horde, the interpenetration and mutual enrichment of the ancient Russian and Tatar cultures took place. And where to go? The spiritual and material life of a person is very diverse and diverse, so it is easy to give an appropriate example. There are a lot of dialogues, their vectors and spheres: the dialogue of Western culture and the East, Christianity and Islam, mass and elite cultures, past and present.
Just like a person, a culture cannot be long isolated, alone, Cultures tend to interpenetration, the result is a dialogue of cultures. Examples of this process are very obvious in Japan. The culture of this island state was initially closed, but later it was enriched by assimilating the traditions and historical identity of China and India, and from the end of the 19th century it became open to the West. A positive example of dialogues at the state level can be seen in Switzerland, where the state is simultaneously 4 languages (German, French, Italian and Romansh), which contributes to the conflict-free coexistence of different peoples in one country. International film festivals, song contests (“Eurovision”) and beauty contests (“Miss Universe”), oriental art exhibitions in the West and the West - in the East, holding days of one state in another (Days of France in Russia), spreading the Japanese dish “sushi” around the world, Russia's acceptance of elements of the Bologna model of education, the popularity of martial arts in Europe and the USA is also an endless example of dialogue of cultures.
The dialogue of cultures as an urgent need
Naturally, each culture strives to preserve its originality, and there are such realities that different cultures will probably never accept. It is unlikely that a Muslim girl will dress like her European peer. A European woman is unlikely to come to terms with polygamy. But much more than those things with which you can agree or at least reconcile, endure. After all, a thin world is still better than a good quarrel, but a world without dialogue is impossible. An example of dialogues, forced and voluntary, constructive and unsuccessful, is preserved in world history, reminding contemporaries that any conversation implies respect for the values of a different distinctive nationality, overcoming one’s own stereotypes, readiness to build bridges, and not destroy them. Constructive business dialogue of cultures is a necessary condition for the self-preservation of all mankind.