The lady, just pleasant, enthusiastically reported to Dame, pleasant in all respects, about fashion trends from the secular nobility: frills are no longer worn, now - festoons, everywhere festoons - at the bottom, and on the sleeves, and on the cape … What is this did the detail appear to be in trend with the heroines of Nikolai Gogol's poem Dead Souls?
If you see a strip of a carved pattern with protrusions in a frame of a female dress or in a border of a curtain, you should know that these are festoons. However, it is not only the refined finish on clothes that is called that. The term refers to painting, architecture and applied arts. Considering the wondrous beauty of a building with fancy ornament and stucco in the form of garlands tied with ribbons, we do not think that these are festoons, a decorative architectural element that originated in deep antiquity.
The Latin word festo means “festive garland”, from it the lexeme festone appeared in Italian, and feston in French. Both words are called decoration in the form of intertwined and ribboned plant elements - stems, leaves, flowers and fruits. So in ancient Rome decorated the altars of temples and houses during the holidays. In the Russian lexicon, the noun “festoon” is borrowing by transliteration, when a word sounds exactly like its overseas twin.
The facade of the Great Tsarskoye Selo Palace in the town of Pushkin was richly decorated with columns, pilasters and festoons during the time of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna. Intricate and luxurious this design can be seen there today. The buildings of the times of neoclassicism have decorated the interior with festoons. Often this element is used in the ornamental painting in the edging of paintings or other objects of art.
Festoons have always been a recognized decoration of gold and silver, clay and glass works of applied art. Teeth or waves in the design of retro lampshades and chandeliers in retro style are still popular today. The design of the edge with festoons gives the products a special charm, evoking pleasant aesthetic experiences and reminding of the holiday, because it is precisely this meaning that was originally laid in the name of the decorative accessory.
In the sewing business
Perhaps the most "native" sphere of festoons is tailoring art. In the mouth of a seamstress, it denotes the air trim of the product as one of the ways to process its edge instead of primitive bending. Festoons decorate the edges of collars and cuffs, make out the bottom and the sleeves, use them as a decorative element on the buckles, capes and other details of clothing. A multicolored strip of downward-facing patterns can be made in a wide variety of configurations and forms: flowers, geometric figures, oriental ornaments, arabesques, baroque vignettes and many other fantasy motifs.
In old times
Historians argue that festoons in a noble-suit costume have become an indispensable attribute of heraldic apparel around the end of the 13th century. A century later, they were already actively exploited in their dress by the inhabitants.
In the old days were known two ways of making festoons. The first, cheap one, is cutting teeth and protrusions along the edge of dense fabric that does not crumble and therefore does not require treatment, for example, felted wool. The second method, which is more expensive, is processed festoons, the edges of which are either covered with small stitches or lined with a contrast lining.
Time rushes forward, but it has no power over other things. What is the festoons in the design of modern outfits, in the design of banquet rooms, living rooms and bedrooms in the ancient style, if not a tribute to the classics and good taste?