- Characteristic features of a camel that help him live in the desert
- Unique body functions
- Features drinking regime
- Power Features
- How many years have camels lived
Camels are a genus of artiodactyls, which is represented by two species - one-humped and two-humped. The first species lives in Africa, and the second - mainly in Asia. Animals have high endurance and the ability to do without water for a long time.
Characteristic features of a camel that help him live in the desert
At the mention of the place where camels live, an image of an animal appears, surrounded by endless sand dunes. This amazing creature got its second name - “ship of the desert” for good reason, because from time immemorial it has been living in hot and anhydrous territories.
A camel can live in a similar way due to its characteristic features. First, the animal has a thick layer of thick wool, which protects its body from overheating, and its body perfectly regulates the temperature. Secondly, due to the special metabolism of a camel can do a small amount of food and more than two weeks to live without a single sip of water. In addition, nature has endowed the animal with a special body structure, which allows it to live in the desert. This distinctive functionality of the legs, as well as the presence of thick eyebrows, eyelashes and special muscles, located near the nostrils, which protect the animal from sandstorms.
Unique body functions
The main places where camels live are deserts and semi-deserts. The animal can exist in such severe climatic conditions due to the unique functioning of its body.
One of the most important moments is the presence of a thick coat of wool, thanks to which a camel can withstand a fantastic temperature - from -29 to +38 degrees. Another important fact is the ability to adjust body temperature depending on the environment. At night, it drops sharply and slowly rises by the middle of the day. Because of this, the camel is not hot, even if the temperature around it is much higher.
Features drinking regime
Due to the unique processes of thermoregulation of the body, the camel practically does not sweat, as a result of which it loses moisture several times slower than other animals in the same climatic conditions. But, of course, the most fantastic possibility of this creature is the ability to do without water for about a crescent. This is especially important given the special conditions of the environment where camels live. During a long stay without fluid, the body of this animal loses almost a third of its mass. For any other living thing, this would be tantamount to death, but a camel has the unique ability to quickly regain lost weight. In just a few minutes, he can drink about 15 liters of water.
There are several explanations for why a camel can go without water for so long. Some scientists point to the retention of fluid in the animal's stomach, others that the fat reserves in the humps of a creature can gradually melt and release water from themselves. Relatively recently, a new theory emerged, according to which a camel gets additional fluid from the blood. The animal has a special structure of electrocytes, which can freely move through the blood vessels, even when due to dehydration its blood becomes thicker. Also important is the fact that these animals can drink and salt water, which is especially important, given the regions where camels live.
Animals are very unpretentious to food. They can eat almost everything - prickly grass, old leaves and other food that is inedible for other animals. This is another proof of why the camel lives in the desert, where other living things have almost no chance of survival. Most often, various shrubs fall into its diet, which have long roots capable of reaching groundwater.
Of course, in the presence of juicy green fodder, the grass will not eat dry grass, especially since in this case it doesn’t need water either. However, observations have shown that with a long-term, high-quality diet, the camel feels much worse.
How many years have camels lived
The newborn camel is born sighted and covered with wool, and after a few hours begins to walk. The mother eats the mother’s milk for about one and a half years, and reaches sexual maturity by approximately 3-5 years. As for how many camels live, the average duration is about 35-40 years, and some individuals even live to 70. It is also interesting that single-humped animals live longer and survive their two-humped brethren for about 5-10 years.
Camels are unique animals that, due to their special structure, functionality of the body and distinctive feeding methods, can live in deserts and semi-deserts. Animals have strong physical endurance and the ability to do without water for about two weeks, which is a death sentence for other animals. Despite living in harsh climatic conditions, these creatures grow to a considerable size and live for a long time.